What made the bureaucracy choose the way of industrialization was a large number of engineers who worked in munitions factories during the war, and whom we might call “a heritage of the war”.
During WW2, the government was heavily geared toward training engineers and a large number of young people were learning at Educational Institutions of the Army and Universities of Engineering.
The Imperial University of Tokyo
戦時中最高のエリートを集め、技術者教育を施した東京帝国大学第二工学部（昭 和１７~２６年の わずか９年間だけ存在した学部）。
戦争遂行のために作られたこの学部は、戦後間もなく廃止され幻の ”戦犯学部” と も呼ばれた。
The Imperial University of Tokyo, the second faculty of engineering which existed for only 9 years from 1942 to 1951 (Now, it is the University of Tokyo).
This faculty gathered the most elite students and provided the best education of engineering.
This was for the accomplishment of winning the war, but was abolished right after the end of the war and was called “a war crime faculty in a vision”.
In this class, teachers were those who designed weapons and vessels. Therefore, students were able to get applied knowledge and very practical experience.
In addition, not only this
Most importantly, these students did not join the battle in the fields but stayed in Japan to produce weapons. At the end of the day, they all survived and became pioneers in many industries.
卒業生の例/ 黒田精工最高顧問 黒田彰一氏
An example of alumni of this faculty: Shoichi Kuroda.
During the war, he took over a family business and he has made his company grow to be a global precision machine maker having 9 offices around the world.
His major in the faculty was the one where he was able to learn the theory for precisely making machines used for torpedoes and cannons.
During WW2, this company took full responsibility for the production of the gauge used for the bomber. After the end of the war, the high-precision technology was fully made use of the development of unique metal molds and precision machine tools needed for the production of cars.
“I learned that the most precise stuff was weapons and the technology for them was able to be applied for both weapons and medical science because the technology was used by us “humans.”
Alumni of the second engineering faculty of the Imperial University of Tokyo
・Daikin Industries, Ltd., President (Chemicals)
・Mitsubishi Corporation, President (Trade)
・The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., President (Steel)
・Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, President (Shipbuilding)
・MAZDA Motor Corporation, President (Car)
・Sony, Vice-President (Electronics)
・Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., President (Car)
・Fujitsu Ltd., President (Electronics)
・Denso Corporation, President (Electronics)
・Showa Denko K.K., President (Chemicals)
・Hitachi, Ltd., President (Electronics)
・Kashima Corporation, President (Construction)
The highest pinnacle of engineering education trained students who later became capable people leading the economic growth in all kinds of industries including automobiles, electronics, shipbuilding, and so on.
The bureaucracy was aiming to accomplish heavy industrialization regarded as the most difficult task while making the most of the engineers’ great abilities who unexpectedly trained by the war.