石丸典生デンソー元社長 「当時はみんな欲しいものがとにかくたくさんあっ た。そしてその欲しいものを企業が提供出来た。需要があれば企業が必死になって作った。」
“Back then, Japanese people had a bunch of stuff that they really wanted to get, and companies were capable of providing them. In order for the companies to meet the demand, they worked very hard.“
“One of the war slogans “Why don’t we try to get something?” Many elderly people say,“We lost the war, but achieved economic restoration.” As a result, people realized that they had already risen from the ashes of the war. Then, they started to think that they were allowed to buy anything whatever they wanted. During WW2, we were forced to contribute anything to the country for the battles and live with poor lives.”
「60年代、日本の住宅は貧弱だった。クーラーはなし、家族は多い、しかし車にはエアコンがあり、オーディオがあって、プライベートな空間がある (嫁に邪魔にされず)そういった意味でも自動車は売れた、単なる脚じゃなく人間に欲望があって、それに答えるだけの能力があった。これらの両輪がうま く回転して進んで行ったのが高度成長。」
For people of those days, there were too many stimulating material stuff. For instance, every guy wanted to drive a car with one’s girlfriend along the ‘Shonan’ coast in Kanagawa prefecture. In addition, in 1960’s, the quality of housing was basically poor and there was no air conditioner but many people were living together in a unit, which was really uncomfortable.
However, a car provided them some sort of private space where they were able to use air conditioner and audio. Also, no one was disturbed them. Therefore, people were eager to buy cars for not only a form of transport, but for personal and beneficial space.
People had a strong desire to buy and supply as well as a strong capacity to produce and sell. This cooperative relationship accelerated, being the mechanism of high growth economy,
Rise in Real Wages
現在は資本主義経済。当時はある程度健全なモラルがあった?持てた? = 労働者の方が大事だった。
Ikeda’s policy of double income and wanted for ‘real wages’ led to a rise. Raising real wages meant that companies had to put pressure on their profits.
During this period, employees were paid more instead of putting aside surplus in order to encourage the employees to work hard together no matter the situation.
Business owners cherished morality and considered their employees to be very important.
But now, the economy is definitely capitalist and seems as if it will never go back to this.
Over 70 Years Old?
戦後71年、日本は71歳、円熟期であり円熟した人間なりの生き方が必要 ↔︎ アベノミクス。
陰りを見せ始めた高度成長に引導を渡したのは石油ショック (1973) 。
”日本の経済が落ち着くべき姿がどこにあるか” = ゼロ成長が始まる。
If we thought Japan was born in 1945 (the end of WW2), this country would be already 71 years old.
Therefore, the idea of forcing a 71-year-old elderly person to grow up at a rapid rate is a ridiculous idea.
Finding the way of living in mature person’s own way is needed, being the opposite of Abenomics.
However, the high speed of high growth economy had also made maladjustment including environmental pollutions.
The phrase of “Fuck up GNP” was born and many people started to deny growth itself. The government had already achieved double income and it was no longer difficult to grow with combined efforts of citizens.
A rumor that products made out of oil would be disappearing from shops which resulted in people rushing into shops to get toilet paper.
What made Japan’s economy start to decline where was the 1st Oil Crisis in 1973. During this period, Japan’s economy recorded minus growth for the first time ever since the end of the war. Shimomura also started to claim that economic growth was no longer be expected.
He regarded that the productivity of companies had already reached its peak. He was deeming where Japan’s economy should settle down and expected 0 (zero) growth to start. However, the result fell short of Shimomura’s expectation.